The Best Material For Men's Shirts

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According to studies undertaken, the average man will spend up to twelve hours a day in his dress shirt. While that may seem like a lot of hours it may well be so for many men when you add up hours spent traveling to and from work, hours at the office and after-hour meetings. For this reason it is very important when selecting men's shirts, that they are as comfortable as possible. An important factor in determining how comfortable a shirt will be to wear is the material the shirt is made from.

There is a wide variety of material to choose from, ranging from polyester or cotton-polyester blends, to silk and linen. If a shirt is worn every day to the office it is important that it is made from a fabric that is easy to wash and care for, and also one that does not readily show perspiration stains. The best choice is one that is wrinkle resistant, which would be a cotton / polyester blend shirt. These are usually either 80/20 or 60/40 blends. They are machine washable and can be dried in the clothes dryer. If you are unsure, washing and drying instructions should be included on the label.

Some men prefer 100% cotton mens shirts. These often wrinkle easily and are not always the easiest shirt to iron. However, they do have the advantage of being very cool to wear as they allow the skin to breathe well.

The fabric itself also comes in a wide variety of weaves, independent of whether it is a 100% cotton or cotton blend shirt. Popular weaves are Oxford, Poplin, Cotton Twill and Broadcloth. Oxford and Poplin are normally used for more casual dress shirts, while Cotton Twill and Broadcloth weaves are best used for formal dress shirts. Frequently the name of the weave will be included on the shirt label. A shirt worn for a very formal occasion should be made from white cotton fabric.

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Source by Matthew Proctor

Choosing Which Windbreaker Fabric Is Best For You

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Back in the 90's, most windbreakers were made of nylon material. These days, however, there are many different types of fabrics to choose from when purchasing a windbreaker or warm up suit. Depending on various factors, picking the right windbreaker fabric can be a very important decision, especially if you are going to have your windbreaker personalized. The different common windbreaker fabric types are nylon, micro polyester, polyester, and tricot.

Nylon is the old classic material which is very water and wind resistant. It also has a harder shell and makes a "swishy" noise when you walk in it. Now, while nylon became popular due to its great water and wind resistance, the noise it creates when people walk in it has drawn many consumers to choose other fabric types that are quieter.

Micro polyester is a softer, quieter fabric. It does not make that "swishy" noise when you walk around in it. It's a lightweight, soft fabric, and windbreakers that are made out of it generally come with either a cotton or mesh lining. Micro polyester is also does a great job at being wind and water resistant, and is ideal for people that live in hotter geographical areas due to their light weight.

Polyester is similar to micro polyester in that it is a quieter fabric than nylon, but it is slightly heavier in weight. These warm ups also generally come with either a cotton or mesh lining, the cotton lining being the warmer of the two. This fabric is one that could be worn in most all weather types, being that it has a little bit of weight to it, and you can choose between different linings to determine how warm you want them to keep you.

Tricot is a heavyweight, brushed polyester material. It is very soft to the touch and even has a little bit of a shine to it. Being that it is the heaviest of the fabrics, warm ups that are made of tricot generally do not have lining included with them. These windbreakers are not very water resistant and tend to be less wind resistant than the other materials. These windbreakers would be best suited for those in colder climates, given the heavy weight of the material. They are very comfortable though because of their softness.

So, depending on certain factors, one warm up fabric will most likely be more suitable than another. With this information, it should make it much easier to determine which windbreaker fabric is right for you.

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Source by Eric Alexander Bates

Treadmill Deck Info: Treadmill Decks Materials and Warranty

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Treadmill deck is the material that forms the hard surface on which you run. In other words it's the supportive surface. This article distinguishes the decking from the tread belt which is the belt that moves across the decking.

Important

Treadmill manufacturers do not provide a great deal of information about the actual construction materials of their decks. These days most treadmills, especially if priced above $ 1,000 are constructed with decently strong tread decks (usually medium density fibreboard with a duo phenolic coating – all discussed in detail below).

However, strength is not the be all and end all. If strength were most important, more treadmill manufacturers would use metal. Metal is used, but not extensively.

What are decking construction objectives?

Like I said above, if strength was the only objective, metal or steel decks would rule the day. But strength is not the only objective. Quality decking should:

  • Be strong
  • Be durable
  • Have some elasticity (ie slightly flexible, but not bouncy)
  • Minimize noise (ie muffle noise if possible)
  • Have a smooth surface to minimize tread belt friction

What materials are used?

Often you'll see reference to solid wood, medium density fibreboard (MDF), and metal as materials used for treadmill decks. For coating you'll usually read about phenolic coating. The article explains these different materials.

Materials

1. Medium density fibreboard (MDF)

MDF is created by breaking down wood into fibres (sawdust) and then forming the fibres into a solid treadmill deck with wax and resin. The usual thickness is 3/4 "to 1". You can read more about MDF here.

MDF is the predominant material used for treadmill decks.

2. Solid wood

The deck is made out of 3/4 "to 1" solid wood. The trouble with solid wood is it's hard to find a piece of wood that is perfect. MDF, although not perfect either, ensures a consistency that's hard to find with solid wood.

Particle board: Particle board is no the same as MDF. Particle board is not fibre-based. It's a solid wood composite product. The result is that particle board is much weaker than MDF. MDF is denser and stronger.

Avoid treadmills with decks using particle board. You'll be lucky to get a year out of it.

3. Metal

Metal decks are not nearly as prevalent as solid wood or MDF decks. It's heavier and does not create as "soft" of a surface as wood or MDF. Running on metal or steel simply is not as enjoyable as on solid wood or MDF.

What material do I recommend?

MDF deck that is duo or triple coated with phenolic resin coating.

The coating

Some treadmills are coated on both sides (duo-coating, sometimes also referred to as triple-coating), while lower-quality treadmills coat only 1 side of a treadmill deck. The better deck is coated on both sides which helps reduce warping. It's also better for reducing friction with the tread deck along the entire surface area on which the tread belt moves.

Best material used for coating:

Phenolic: This is the best coating material. You'll pay more for phenolic coating, but it's worth it.

What is phenolic resin coating?

Phenolic resin coating is a plastic resin. When a treadmill deck is coated with phenolic resin, wax the wood deck is unnecessary.

Can you build your own if your original deck breaks?

Yes, but it's not advisable unless you really know what you're doing. Simply slamming in a sheet of plywood or MDF is not going to do it. There's properly coating the deck and ensuring it securely attaches to the treadmill.

The last thing you want is your deck to break apart when running or walking.

This is why having a lifetime warranty on your treadmill deck is important. Decks often break or crack (especially with lower-priced treadmills).

Decking Considerations

Replacement frequency

The range in the number of hours of use treadmill decks are good for is astounding. Some lower-end treadmill decks are designed for 500 hours, while other warranty their decks for life. Naturally the intensity of use and weight of users will impact the duration of a treadmill deck.

Is it reversible?

Some treadmill manufacturers make reversible tread decks so that you can get more mileage out of them.

Is reversible good?

It depends. Some manufacturers make treadmill decks that are warrantied for a lifetime without having to reverse them. Others do not come with a lifetime warranty and can not be reversed. These may have the shortest lifespan. Then there are treadmills with reversible decks which in theory doubles the lifespan of the treadmill deck.

The warranty

Ideally, the treadmill you buy will have a lifetime warranty on the deck. This is indicative the manufacturer stands behind the deck and in the event the deck fails, you get a replacement.

Cushioning technology

Cushioning technology is pretty cool these days. Treadmill cushioning technology includes the amount of, type of, and quality of the treadmill cushioning.

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Source by Steven J. Bancroft

Different Materials Used to Build Gates and Fences

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When you are thinking about building a gate or fence, there are many different materials to consider. Whether you choose iron, wood, bamboo, or some other material, each has its own unique characteristics, strengths, and weaknesses.

When it comes to a need for a sturdy and strong gate, iron is a common choice. There are a number of reasons why wrought iron is one of the most popular materials for gates and fences. First and most important, you will not find any material stronger for the purpose at hand.

Another benefit is that your new iron fence will provide substantial strength (and, therefore, security) than other gate materials. Another important benefit to choosing iron for your new fence is that it is a very long-lasting material. There is virtually nothing that can damage it, and it will stay in top-notch condition for many years or even decades.

The fact that your wrought iron fence will look beautiful is also significant. Instead of a fence made from an unsightly, lesser-quality material, it will be a stylish addition to your home and property.

Wooden gates and fences are also popular. The reasons for their appeal include wood being a much lighter weight material, and also that it can be painted to coordinate with your home or outdoor surroundings.

Many people also prefer wood gates and fences because they are much easier to remove if they wish to do so. They are easy to keep clean and, if they are painted on a regular basis, they always have a nice, fresh appearance. When you choose a fine quality wood for your gates and fence, your little structure will be long-lasting as well as looking good.

For those who prefer a very natural look to their landscape, a bamboo fence is a unique touch. It will be a delightful surprise to all who enter your home. In addition to serving its purpose as a lightweight fence around your property, it is a very attractive addition to your natural surroundings.

As bamboo is amazingly strong despite its weight, it does not require much care in order to remain in perfect condition. It is a different approach which you are sure to love.

When you are considering the different materials used to build gates and fences, keeping your own personal tastes in mind will help you to make the best choice. As each type of material has its own individual characteristics, it should be easy for you to select the material you will like and appreciate the most.

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Source by Billings Farnsworth

Construction Site Management – Material Storage

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A construction site has many materials at any one point. Most of these are usually in their raw state, meaning that they will undergo some process before they can be input into the building to form a part of the building. They come in different forms and can be categorized as below;

· Factory Goods: These are mostly off the shelf items, they are unique in the fact that they can easily be resold and are therefore easy targets for pilferage. They are also delicate in the fact that they have unique storage requirements. Examples here include;

o Cement: The most important attribute to consider in the storage of cement is the fact that it reacts chemically when in contact with moisture. For this reason, it should be kept under shade and on a platform, away from excessive moisture.

o Ceramics: These include water closets, wash basins, Tiles and the like. They are extremely delicate and will easily break. This attribute is also shared with glasses. They should therefore be properly packaged in padded cartons and away from areas of much activity, usually under lock and key.

o Ironmongery: These include locks, hinges, handles and the like. Owing to their small sizes, they are prone to pilfering. These should also be kept well locked and only issued under strict accountability.

· Raw materials: This category belongs to the main items like stone, ballast and sand. These are not prone to the previous problems like weather and pilferage. However, they have one attribute that is being bulky. They consume a lot of space on site and require a generous allocation of storage space. These are best stored in bays and contained using things like stones, in the case of sand.

· Workshop finished items: This category also includes semi-finished items, for example in the case of timber. Items here are usually ready for installing in the works and are mostly purpose made. Some may have been imported from overseas and in their exact measurements. This means that damage or loss of such will lead to a very expensive work of replacement. Examples here include Fixtures, timber, roofing materials et cetera.

Material storage is a very important part of site management. How materials are delivered and dispatched determines how easily things flow. In almost all cases, site space is usually restricted and as such, material storage should be very well thought out. One thing to consider is that only the important and requisite materials and items per time should be stored on site to minimize on the risks mentioned above. Records should be kept very in good accuracy of all materials required, ordered, delivered, accepted, stored, dispatched, put to the works and any deficits. Good material storage ensures the following benefits on site.

· Easy movement around site
· Reduction in waste and damages
· Reduction of loss by theft or otherwise

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Source by Kynyn Kamau

What Materials Are Used to Make Printed Circuit Boards?

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Printed Circuit Boards are also called a PCB. They are inexpensive boards that are used to connect electronic components. They are often made under high volume production through the electronics industry. Quality control of these boards are maintained through the IPC.

The materials that are used to comprise PCBs are usually made from a copper conduit layer that contains an overlay of laminate. The laminate that covers the board is usually made from an epoxy resin, which is somewhat like a hard plastic. Most of these products are green in color due to the resin that is used to cover the board, which is a green epoxy. However, there are other colors that are available through different types of laminating materials. These materials include cotton paper mixed with epoxy as well as woven glass with epoxy. The standard for creating PCBs, when it comes to materials, is using a thin layer of copper along with a green mask epoxy.

There are a process of electroplating steps that are then used in the board, depending upon how the board is going to be used. These include silk screen printing as well as photo engraving. These processes either etch out the unwanted copper or use a chemical etching process to remove the copper foil.

Some of the printed circuit boards are comprised of several thin boards put together, these are usually known as multi layer boards. Once the PCB is created, the PCBs are mounted with the various components that are needed in order to get them to work properly. These boards are used in most aspects of the electronics industry and have been around for over 100 years.

Companies that create printed circuit boards can create them specifically for the intention of the customer as well as their needs. Those who have a business in the electronics field can hire a company to create a custom board for their company with the exact specifications that they need to operate their electronic equipment. The printed circuit board will be created from both the conduit and non-conduit materials, provided with the correct electronic components and then tested to make certain that it works properly. It will then be protected in packaging for delivery to the customer.

Businesses can easy find online companies that will be able to provide them with custom printed boards online. As most printed circuit boards are all created from the same type of materials, it often pays to get the boards from an online dealer rather than through a computer or electronics stores.

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Source by Tanner Stockerd

Different Types of Roofing Materials

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Before undertaking a roofing project, someone might not understand how vast the selection for roofing materials can be. Just the section of shingles at the local home improvement warehouse can be enough to make the amateurs head spin. Shingles are just the start though; there are a wide variety of materials to decide between when embarking on a roofing project. To begin by clarifying, roofing materials are the top layer of the roof that is visible. Roofing materials are meant for the express purpose of insulation and protection from the outside elements, with a secondary function being aesthetics.

There are a couple of roofing materials that are made from natural elements. Thatch roofs made from overlapping plant materials and can still be found throughout regions of Europe and the United Kingdom. Thatch roofs may seem outdated but some can have a very long life expectancy and protect well against the elements. Most of the current applications of thatched roofs are in developing countries. But, there are many well-off people who choose thatch to create a rustic look or have a more environmentally conscious home. Slate is another material that is natural and many roofs around the world still use. Slate is a type of rock that can be broken into tiles shapes easily because of its fine grain. Slate is mostly used in Europe and United Kingdom but can be found in some places in America as well. Slate roofing is extremely durable but can also be very costly. Also, 90% of the slate roofs in Europe come from the slate found in Spain.

The type of roofing material that most Americans are familiar with is shingles. While shingles encompass a variety of materials, it is generally used to describe overlapping rectangular material. Shingles can be made from wood (shakes), slate, asphalt (bitumen), ceramics, or composite. With the development of new materials throughout history, wood and paper-based asphalt shingles are used much less due to their risk of flammability. America's most common type of residential roofing material is the fiberglass-based asphalt shingle.

Another common type of roofing material is tile. Tile is made from a ceramic and is very brittle and easily broken, therefore should not be used in areas where large debris can fall and damage it. Tile is a very popular material in Mediterranean countries and also Southern Germany. Tile can be found across the America's as well and is common in tropical climates like Florida. Tiles are a very good protector against rain and fire and this is one of the reasons that it spread so quickly across certain regions.

Metals are also popular materials still used around the entire world. Metal roofs can range from cheap for developing countries to very expensive for affluent home owners. Metals have a lot of advantage over other types of roofing materials. Metal is resistant to almost all types of natural elements and is very energy efficient. There are a variety of metals used in roofing including (but not limited to):

  • Aluminum
  • Stone-coated Steel
  • Copper
  • Galvanized Steel
  • Iron
  • Stainless Steel

When you are choosing what type of material to use for your new roof, make sure to look at every option available. There are many types of roofing materials and they all have advantages and disadvantages. Sometimes going off the beaten path and getting a really unique material can make your house stand out from the rest.

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Source by Philip Hannigen

Material Trends in Exhibition Stand Design

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The exhibition stand is changing. In the past, exhibitors used heavy materials to set up an exhibition booth that was cumbersome to build and to move. Today, the focus on the use of lightweight materials, and in particular fabric, means that the exhibition stand is lightweight and less expensive.

Current trends in the exhibition stand design worldwide include an increased use of various materials such as fabric, an emphasis on lighting, creating a "box" design, building organic shapes, and using bold colours.

Materials
Fabric is the material most used in exhibit stands in current trends. Because fabric is light weight, and can be moulded to create eye catching shapes, it is the material of choice for the modern exhibitor. Fabric can be used as an accent or to construct an entire booth. The latest trend with fabric is the use of translucent fabric to display full wall graphics. Fabric can define the space as the part of the branding for the exhibition stand, while maintaining the open, airy feeling of space, so that attendees do not feel enclosed within the exhibit.

Wood is the next most common material to use, with metal the preferred finish for some industries, particularly health care, kitchen, bath, and the retail industries. Metal is difficult to damage and is therefore cost effective for use in long-term exhibits or exhibition stands that will be transported across the country to show in the various capital cities.

Lighting
Ten years ago, many exhibitors simply used the available lighting within the exhibition centre. Now, it is virtually impossible to spot an exhibition stand that does not include separate lighting to accentuate or highlight products. Exhibition lighting has become an integral part of excellent stand design.

Halogens to gobos From S , from wash lights to spot lights, you can use lights in your exhibition stand design to create a by mood, highlight Particular products, and to create special effects That Attract attention to your exhibition. Use lights to set your booth apart from the competition.

Box Design
Exhibitor Magazine has annual design awards and at least 75 per cent of the winners this year have used a "box design". Although the box can be rectangular, oval, round, or whatever shape you like, the box itself is an exhibit that contains and delineates the space itself. Rather than use a traditional exhibition booth, and simply build the exhibit into the space remaining from the walls of the booth, the box design allows an exhibit to use the entire space allocated to the stand and to define the space without the use of booth walls . If your branding uses an oval shape, create an oval shaped exhibition stand within the space allocated, instead of using the traditional rectangle booth.

Shapes
The use of new shapes is a trend that stems from the use of computer generated designs in exhibition stands. Curves, tombstone shapes, wave shapes, and other complex shapes are being used to add interest and movement to exhibition stands.

Graphics are also using shapes as part of the design. Graphics are now focusing on a single message and are becoming a large part of the exhibition stand. The latest worldwide trend in graphics is to take advantage of the new printing processes and turn walls into a full graphic that attracts attention. Designers are using shapes, such as ovals, to show the difference between the graphic and the wall.

Colours
Colours are definitely one of the trends that continually changes within the exhibition industry. One year aqua is all the rage and the next magenta red is the accent colour of choice. Using trendy colours can lead to additional expense when you have to change the colour scheme to meet the latest trend, or your stand will be seen as out of date. The latest colour trend is to mix conservative colours, such as black, gray, and tan, with vibrant colour accents. However, some exhibitors have experienced success by using aggressive colours for the entire stand, such as yellow, green, or orange. Using colour in lighting is also a popular trend.

The main trends in exhibition stand design are the use of fabric, lights, shapes, and colours to define the space in new and different ways that attract attention. If you want to have a trendy exhibition stand, pay attention to the design of the shape of your exhibition stand, and think outside the traditional "booth" approach.

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Source by Nicola Jennings

Drinking Water Tanks – The 3 Best Materials

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Deciding to look into drinking water storage tanks is easy. Whether it is to collect rain and make your house more ecologically friendly or as a part of an emergency preparedness plan, saving potable water makes a lot of sense. But deciding what kind of storage unit to get is a little more confusing.

Most rain cisterns are made out of galvanized or stainless steel. This is partially because the material is cheap and easily obtainable, and are usually either welded or bolted together. But when shopping for drinking water storage tanks it's important to get material that was specifically created for that purpose, as metal containers are coated inside and out to prevent against leaks and corrosion and to make sure the liquid remains potable.

For inside storage most people turn to plastics like polyethylene. These units are more lightweight and flexible than metal or concrete tanks, but care has to be used in picking out the proper kind. Make sure to buy plastic that is FDA approved to store liquid without breaking down or leeching chemicals over time. If you do want to use plastic containers outside make sure to only chose ones with opaque surfaces, as the exposure of stored water to sunlight can cause algal bloom.

By far the most economical and versatile material, however, is concrete. Concrete tanks can be used either above or below ground and can even be built directly into retaining walls or other structures. The material is non-reactive and may have a longer lifetime than those made of plastic or metal. Due to its weight it should not be used for elevated platforms, but is perfect for ground drinking water storage tanks.

Unlike other options, concrete is the easiest to shape according to your specifications without the help of a professional. It can be easily poured into the precise form you desire, or even pre-cast and assembled at the site for a fairly low cost.

For those who live in cold climates concrete tanks may be preferable for outside use as they are less prone to damage. In the winter a frozen sheet of ice moving up and down with the water level can rub the sides of the container and damage the inside or even bend and break the walls of the unit.

The most important thing to think about when considering your options is the fact that whatever you decide on will likely be in your home for many years to come. Take care and decide accordingly.

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Source by Dustin Merritt

How to Remove Black Mold From Porous Materials

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The easiest method of black mold removal from porous materials is to simply throw away the infected object. A carpet that has developed the typical symptoms of mold, such as black or dark green spots should be thrown away because it could spread mold spores to other areas of the house. Books or files that are infected should also be thrown away or left under the sun for a good while. Sunlight can kill the black mold quite effectively by drying out the moisture that fungi need in order to grow. Bigger items such as mattresses should be thrown away since disinfecting it would be a difficult process.

When black mold has taken root in porous materials such as wood and concrete you will need to take a different approach. A professional would first find out the exact spot where the infection has occurred and would then remove portions of the wall or floor to get to the mold spores. Next, they would remove any dark or discolored portions of the wall so as to eliminate the contaminated area completely. A strong disinfectant should then be used on the area. This is the best way to go about eliminating mold that has penetrated deep into porous materials.

Another way of removing black mold from porous materials is by using a strong disinfectant such as borax powder. When mixed with water, it will penetrate any porous material, killing the spores and destroying their roots. It is best to pour one glass of borax into one gallon of water, stirring until the powder is completely dissolved. Before cleaning the affected area you should take certain precautions such as wearing donning gloves and a face mask. The spores of the fungus are tiny filaments that can move easily with any air currents created by your movements. Because of this, it is important to close all doors and windows while you are cleaning and disinfecting the area, so as not to allow the spores to spread to other rooms.

Before you begin scrubbing the contaminated area, you should first moisten it with a few sprays of water to reduce the chance of mold spores becoming airborne. The next step is to clean the area with a detergent and a strong brush, concentrating on any crevices or fractures that can harbor fungi. Once this is done you can begin disinfecting the area. To do this, pour the borax and water mixture onto the infected area, making sure the entire area is covered. The borax will penetrate deep into the porous material, killing the roots and making the area inhabitable by other fungi. Repeat this black mold removal process a few days later in order to prevent any recurrence of the infection.

Baking soda and water can also be used effectively against the roots of the spores. Similar to the borax and water method, baking soda should be dissolved in water and poured or sprayed onto the affected area. Concrete and other porous materials can be treated effectively in this way, protecting the area with the residues left during the cleansing process.

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Source by Kelsey Libby